Feudalism did not have such a dominant influence in Spain and Italy as in Northwestern Europe. Both of these lands had unique factors that influenced the conduct of the war. In 1050, more than half of the Iberian Peninsula was under Islamic rule, an area known as Andalusia. After the fall

Feudalism was not as dominant an influence in Spain and Italy as it was in northwest Europe. Both terrains had unique factors that influenced the conduct of the war. By 1050, more than half of the Iberian Peninsula was under Islamic rule, an area known as Andalusia. After the fall of the Umayyad Caliphate in 1031, Andalusia was divided into several small Muslim states known as the Taif Emirates. The Taifa were often at war with each other, making them incompatible with the larger Christian kingdom of Castile, which was created in 1037 with the absorption of the Kingdom of León.

This was the real beginning of the Christian Reconquista, which did not end until 1492. To help deter the Christian onslaught, in 1086 the Emir Taif of Seville invited Murabi Berbers from North Africa to enter Spain. This did not work out as planned for the Taifa, as after defeating the Castilians at the Battle of Sagrajas, the Murabits quickly incorporated most of the Taifa emirates into their empire. The Murabit Empire was invaded in 1147 by the rival Berber sect of the Almohads. These events were a major setback for the Spanish Christian kingdoms, but they recovered and won a major victory over the Almohads at Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212, which broke Muslim power in Spain forever.

Soon only the emirate of Granada remained, but as a vassal of Castile. Throughout the period, there was also frequent fighting between states of a single religion, and Muslim and Christian warriors often had no qualms about serving princes of another religion. In northern Italy, the large cities always tried to maintain some degree of independence and often violently resisted the Holy Roman Emperor’s attempts to impose his authority over them. They became increasingly wealthy through trade, and by the end of the 11th century, their urban militias had become the backbone of Italian armies, eclipsing the role of feudal knights. In 1176, the cities of northern Italy formed the Lombard League and won a major victory over Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa at the Battle of Legnano.

This was part of the Guelph-Ghibelline Wars. The Papacy and Empire initially quarreled over who had the right to appoint church officials, known as the “Investment Dispute”. The Ghibellines were those who supported the Holy Roman Emperor and the Guelphs were the party that supported the Pope. Although the dispute over ownership was resolved in 1122, the conflict between the papacy and the empire, as well as between the Guelphs and the Ghibellines, continued for hundreds of years. In southern Italy, the Normans rose from humble mercenaries to conquering all of southern Italy and founded the great kingdom of Sicily after conquering the island from the Arabs. After the lineage of Norman kings ended when William II died without male heirs, the throne passed to the German imperial Hohenstaufen dynasty. In 1266, the pope summoned Charles of Anjou to attack the Hohenstaufen and, after winning the Battle of Benevento, took the kingdom for himself.

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  • 20 other nations and factions covering Spain, Italy and North Africa between 1040 and 1270 AD. These include Andalusians, Almohads, Arabs, Aragoneses, Catapanados Byzantines of Italy, Castilians/Leoneses, Catalans, Grenadians, Hafzi, Italian Guelphs, Italian Ghibellines, Italian-Normans, Lombards, Marinis, Murabites, Navarrese, Popes, Portuguese, Kingdom of Sicily . and Tuareg. Each of them has its own authentic historic flag.
  • 41 more units, allowing you to accurately represent the troops of all new factions.
  • 45 additional army lists, allowing the creation of historically realistic armies for each of the above factions and their allies at different dates during the period, bringing the total number of medieval army lists to 103. Additionally, armies can include contingents of historical allies. That’s over fifty thousand permutations. You’ll never run out of new matches to try.
  • 8 other historical settings covering major battles of the period on an epic scale. These include Monte Maggiore 1041, Civitate 1053, Cabra 1079, Sagrajas 1086, Legnano 1176, Las Navas de Tolosa 1212, Montaperti 1260 and Benevento 1266.
  • Another 33 historic matches have been added to the Quick Battle mode, bringing the total to 98 matches that can be played by either side.
  • 4 other historically based campaigns covering the main leaders and conflicts of the time: El Cid, Mohammed II of Granada, the Southern Normans and Frederick II of the Hohenstaufen.
  • The sandbox campaign has been expanded to include all new army rosters, allowing you to lead any nation (and their historic allies) against any other nation (and their allies) – offering thousands of combinations.

Game Information:

  • Game Title: Field of Glory II: Medieval – Reconquista
  • Game Genres: Simulation, Strategy
  • Game Developer: Byzantine Games
  • Publisher: Slitherine Ltd.
  • Release Date: November 26, 2022
  • FILE SIZE : 1.76 GB


Author: a3xaku

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